Medicare and health insurance open enrollment starts on October 15th. To help you find the best coverage for your money, here’s a step-by-step checklist of health care items to review annually.
Each fall, it’s important to review your health care needs and consider your available insurance options for the coming year. A recent survey found that 53% of respondents with employer-based coverage say they’re likely to keep their current plan. Only 37% review their health insurance costs annually.
Doing nothing can end up being an expensive proposition for you. Many plans change cost and benefit options, so you may pay more in your current plan or significantly less if you choose another plan. Your decision during open enrollment will impact dependents for the upcoming year, so it’s important to review all options before making a selection.
With that in mind, use the Open Enrollment Checklist below with your financial advisor to fully review your employer-sponsored insurance options and benefits before making the most optimal coverage decisions for the upcoming year.
To begin, access the Summary of Benefits and Coverage (SBC) document from your employer. Required by the Affordable Care Act, SBCs are benefit plan summaries, intended to benefit employees by providing “clear, understandable, and straightforward information on what health plans will cover, what limitations or conditions will apply, and what they will pay for,” according to the Department of Health and Human Services.
Then, review with your financial advisor what is changing and where costs will increase. The best way to evaluate the plans is to do a side-by-side comparison of the plans that are being offered. Check premiums, deductibles, co-insurance, and out-of-pocket maximums. The cost of health insurance includes out- of-pocket expenses like copayments for doctor visits, so these expenses should be incorporated into the comparison. Frequent visits to the doctor can add up.
A key component to any health insurance is the network of providers. These networks are often narrow and can change. The best way to be sure that a physician is an in-network provider is to contact the doctor’s office and find out if the doctor is still a network provider. Often network lists are outdated. Physicians who are part of more than one practice or have more than one office may not be in-network in all locations.
If you or your family members expect a surgical or other procedure, find out if that physician or hospital is in-network. Depending on the plan coverage, outof-network providers may or may not be covered at all, so it is particularly important to verify before an anticipated procedure.
Prescription drug coverage
Another critical decision in selecting health insurance is prescription drug coverage. All plans vary in relation to what drugs are covered and when a participant may be eligible to obtain certain prescription drugs.
Most health insurance plans have a tier program on prescription drugs, and the cost of drugs depends on where they fall on the tier program. Most generic drugs are in the first tier, and are therefore less expensive. Most plans have three tiers, but it is not unusual to find a plan with five tiers.
What makes the tier programs even more important are the drugs that may not appear in any tier: specialty drugs. How does a participant qualify for these medications? The ability to access these drugs at a reasonable cost can be an essential component when selecting the best health insurance plan.
In order to determine the best prescription drug coverage, prepare a list of medications used by all family members on a regular basis. This is particularly crucial where adult children are covered by a plan, and the parent may not be aware of all medications. Certainly where a participant is considering or takes a specialty drug, the plan coverage parameters for these drugs are critical.
Health care spending, savings, and reimbursements
During open enrollment, it is often possible to establish a health care account. Traditionally, large employers have offered Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs) or Health Reimbursement Accounts (HRAs). FSAs and HRAs allow individuals to reimburse deductibles, co-payments, co-insurance, and other outof-pocket expenses with pretax dollars.
Another account to consider is the Health Savings Account (HSA), which was introduced with highdeductible health care plans. If a high-deductible plan is selected, an HSA can allow an individual to accrue funds to pay unreimbursed medical expenses in the upcoming year and beyond. HSAs frequently include an employer contribution, making them an extremely attractive vehicle for paying out-of-pocket health care expenses.
The rules for FSAs, HRAs, and HSAs are different, so understanding the parameters of the accounts is vital before participation. Also, check healthcare.gov for a list of expenses that qualify for reimbursement.
Employer wellness programs
Wellness incentives are becoming commonplace as a component of employer-sponsored health insurance plans. More employers than ever before are offering incentives to employees and their families for health improvement.
These incentives may come in the form of premium discounts, access to certain lower-deductible plans, or even prizes. Some employers will put money into an HSA as an incentive. Understanding what constitutes a wellness component of a health insurance program can result in additional savings. Gym memberships or participation in a weight-loss program may qualify for an incentive in an employer-sponsored wellness program.
Open enrollment periods often last for several weeks. It’s easy to lose track of the deadline for changes in plan selection. Frequently, if no election of benefits is submitted, an employer will assume the same benefit elections you made for this year. It’s important to be cognizant of the deadlines and submit all enrollment materials on a timely basis.
Choosing an great health insurance plan can be tricky due to the complexity of the system. Following the eight points of this health care checklist will help you lower health care expenses by finding the right coverage to fit your needs.
Ellen Breslow is the managing director of www. eabhealthworks.com. She is a graduate of Lehigh University and holds NASD Series 6, 7, 24, and 51 registrations.